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Healthy LifeThe continuing rise of lifestyle-related diseases and chronic disorders means that we need to take a fresh look at health and healthcare, and to remember that prevention is better than cure. Tobacco use causes atherosclerotic arterial disease (hardening and narrowing of the arteries) that can lead to heart attacks, strokes, and lack of blood flow to the lower extremities. Tobacco use causes an estimated 20{32e9f6850226ddeae475111f9d4a36d0aee80f911ceb4b63ffa54c51a5f24b8d}-30{32e9f6850226ddeae475111f9d4a36d0aee80f911ceb4b63ffa54c51a5f24b8d} of coronary heart disease in the U.S. It also further increases the risk of heart attacks among subjects with elevated cholesterol, uncontrolled hypertension , obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle.

Driving the level of engagement in health and wellness programs, such as physical activity, healthy eating, tobacco cessation and stress management, that are aimed at impacting population health. The easiest way to limit your sugar intake with one small change is to cut out sugary fizzy drinks. This alone can help you to lose or maintain a healthy weight, which in turn will reduce your risk of heart disease, obesity and diabetes.

Figure 2 shows that male life expectancy increased by 3.5 years between 2000 to 2002 and 2012 to 2014, and healthy life expectancy increased by 2.8 years. Although both of these measures have shown an increase, life expectancy has increased by more years than healthy life expectancy and therefore males had an increase in the number of years spent in poor health as well as good health. The same was also true for females (figure 3), however, the proportion of life spent in poor health remained at 20{32e9f6850226ddeae475111f9d4a36d0aee80f911ceb4b63ffa54c51a5f24b8d} for males and 23{32e9f6850226ddeae475111f9d4a36d0aee80f911ceb4b63ffa54c51a5f24b8d} for females.

Avoid passive smoking. Second-hand smoking (breathing in air from smokers) causes many of the same long-term diseases as direct smoking ( Wiki ). Did you know? According to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), there is no risk-free level of passive smoking; even brief exposure can be harmful to health. Get away from smokers and avoid cigarette smoke where you can.

Average life expectancy and healthy life expectancy are both important headline measures of the health status of the population. The healthy life expectancy measure adds a ‘quality of life’ dimension to estimates of life expectancy by dividing it into time spent in different states of health. The number of years of life in poor health is also important as it relates more closely to the demand for health and social care and the associated costs.