A healthy lifestyle is one which helps to keep and improve people’s health and well-being. Avoid eating a large meal before sleeping to decrease gastroesophageal reflux and weight gain. Get the latest tips on diet, exercise and healthy living. Eat fermentable fibers. When we eat, we aren’t just eating for ourselves — we are eating for the bacteria in our gut too. In order for the good bacteria to flourish, we need fermentable fiber, which is food for the good gut bacteria.
The trends presented in this chapter cover a relatively short time period. Consistent data for healthy life expectancy is only available for the period 2000 to 2002 to 2012 to 2014; just over 10 years. A short time frame limits the strength of any conclusions that can be made as indicators giving a summary picture of population health tend to show small changes over a single decade.
Since 2000 to 2002, life expectancy, years spent in good health and the years spent in poor health from age 65 have also increased. The proportion of life spent in poor health has also increased slightly. There are lots of ways to get the support you need to help stay healthy. An important step is ﬁnding a good GP (general practitioner) you are comfortable discussing your health with. Seeing the same GP each time means you can work together to manage your health and organise check-ups as needed.
Visit your doctor for an annual physical exam. Depending on your age, certain lab tests and screenings, such as mammograms, colonoscopies and heart tests, are necessary. Stay up to date on your health screenings to identify whether there are medical problems to address. Adopt bedtime rituals or ways that you can slowly wind down from your day and ease yourself into bed. Try using relaxation exercises to get to sleep.
A recent study found that four bad behaviorssmoking, drinking too much alcohol, not exercising, and not eating enough fruits and veggiescan hustle you into an early grave, and, in effect, age you by as many as 12 years. Lifestyle factors such as having a calcium-rich diet and exercising frequently can keep bones healthy and minimise the risk of fractures. Sunlight exposure is also crucial to up levels of vitamin D.